Paint With Confidence

Surface Preparation & Recommendations

Proper surface preparation sets the stage for an award-winning performance. When you take the time to prep before you paint, you’ll get the most out of your paint and the best results for your efforts.

WARNING! Removal of old paint by sanding, scraping or other means may generate dust or fumes that contain lead. Exposure to lead dust or fumes may cause brain damage or other adverse health effects, especially in children or pregnant women. Controlling exposure to lead or other hazardous substances requires the use of proper protective equipment, such as a properly fitted respirator (NIOSH approved) and proper containment and cleanup. For more information, call the National Lead Information Center at 1-800-424-LEAD (in US) or contact your local health authority.

Interior

Room Preparation

  1. Remove, move or cover any object that is not to be painted, including furniture, pictures, lighting fixtures, switch plates and outlet covers.
  2. Cover floor with a drop cloth or plastic sheeting.
  3. Mask woodwork/trim with painter’s masking tape to make cutting in easier and faster.

Previously Painted Surfaces

  1. To ensure proper adhesion and the best finish possible, the surface must be clean, dull and dry.
  2. Clean the surface using a mild detergent in water to remove dirt, dust, oil, grease and other surface contaminants. Rinse thoroughly with clean water and allow to dry completely.
  3. Sand or scrape the surface lightly to remove any loose paint and to smooth old surfaces.
  4. Fill cracks and holes with spackling paste. When dry, sand smooth.
  5. Lightly sand glossy surfaces to a dull surface with 150 grit sandpaper.
  6. Remove all sanding dust.
  7. Prime any bare areas prior to painting.

New Drywall

  1. Make sure all panels are securely nailed in place.
  2. Set and fill all nail heads with spackling paste. Tape joints and cover with joint compound. Allow to dry.
  3. Sand spackling paste and joint compound smooth.
  4. Remove all sanding dust.
  5. Prime the surface.

New Plaster

  1. Allow new plaster to cure for at least 30 days.
  2. Plaster must be dry, fully cured and hard.
  3. Treat soft, swirled or porous plaster with a solution of one pint household vinegar in one gallon of water.
  4. Repeat until the plaster is hard. Rinse well and allow to dry.
  5. Prime the surface.

Masonry/Aggregate Block

  1. Allow surface to cure according to manufacturer’s recommendations, or at least 30 days.
  2. Remove all form release and curing agents.
  3. Block and rough surfaces may be filled with Block Filler to provide a smooth surface.
  4. Prime the surface.

Bare Wood

  1. Sand the wood to a fresh smooth surface.
  2. Patch all nail holes and imperfections with a wood filler or patching compound and allow to dry.
  3. Sand smooth and remove sanding dust with a tack cloth.
  4. Prime the surface.

Metal

  1. Wash to remove any oil, grease, or other surface contamination.
  2. Remove all corrosion with sandpaper, steel wool, or other abrading method.
  3. Prime the surface.

Wallpaper

  1. Painting over wallpaper is not recommended.
  2. Use a commercial wallpaper remover or steamer to remove the paper.
  3. Make sure to remove all wallpaper adhesive residue. Rinse with clean water and allow to dry.
  4. Prime the surface.

Exterior

Exterior Conditions & Preparation

  1. Avoid painting right after it rains, when rain is expected within 24 hours, during foggy conditions or when the temperature is below 50°F (except when using products designed for low temperature application).
  2. Place drop cloths under areas being painted.
  3. Countersink exposed nail heads.
  4. Scrape out old caulk and apply new caulk. Prime before recaulking.
  5. Examine surface to be painted and follow specific instructions below.

Previously Painted Surfaces

  1. To ensure proper adhesion and the most durable finish possible, the surface must be clean, dull and dry.
  2. Clean the surface using a mild detergent in water to remove dirt, dust, oil, grease and other surface contaminants. Rinse thoroughly with clean water and allow to dry completely.
  3. Remove mildew by washing affected areas with a solution of 1 part liquid bleach and 3 parts water. Allow the mixture to remain on the mildewed surface for 10 minutes. Rinse thoroughly with clean water and allow surface to dry. Wear protective eyewear, waterproof gloves, and protective clothing. Quickly wash off any of the mixture that comes in contact with your skin. DO NOT ADD DETERGENTS OR AMMONIA TO THE BLEACH/WATER SOLUTION.
  4. Sand or scrape to remove any loose or peeling paint or rust.
  5. Fill cracks, nail holes and surface imperfections with patching material. When dry, sand smooth.
  6. Sand bare wood to a fresh surface, and glossy surfaces to a dull finish.
  7. Remove all sanding dust.
  8. Seal in any stains with Martin-Senour® T.P.S.® Interior/Exterior Latex Stain Blocking Primer.
  9. Prepare any areas that are exposed down to the surface as though they are bare using the instructions that follow.

Bare Wood

  1. Sand the wood to a fresh, smooth surface.
  2. Patch all holes and imperfections with a wood filler or putty and sand smooth.
  3. Remove all sanding dust.
  4. Prime the surface.

Masonry/Aggregate Block

  1. Allow surface to cure according to manufacturer’s recommendations, or at least 30 days.
  2. Remove all form release and curing agents.
  3. Fill cracks, holes and voids with patching compound.
  4. Block and rough surfaces may be filled with Block Filler to provide a smooth surface.
  5. Prime the surface.

Vinyl Siding

  1. Clean the surface using a mild detergent in water to remove dirt, dust, oil, grease and other surface contaminants. Rinse thoroughly with clean water and allow to dry completely.
  2. To avoid warping, do not paint vinyl siding with a color that is darker than the original vinyl siding color.

Aluminum & Galvanized Steel

  1. Wash to remove any oil, grease, or other surface contamination, rinse and allow to dry.
  2. Remove corrosion with sandpaper, steel wool, or other abrading method.

Steel

  1. Wash to remove any oil, grease, or other surface contamination, rinse and allow to dry.
  2. Remove rust and millscale with sandpaper, steel wool, or other abrading method.
  3. Prime bare steel within 8 hours of cleaning.